Howto: Dual Boot Ubuntu and Windows on RAID 10

On September 2, 2009, in dual boot, How to, raid 10, by Dipin Krishna
If you choose to dual boot and run both Ubuntu 8.10 and Windows Vista, you run the risk of losing your data when a hard drive dies. To fix this, you can create a RAID10 setup. This tutorial will show you how to perform an Ubuntu and Windows dual boot with a RAID10 setup.

Step 1: creating RAID set in BIOS

After powering up the system, press CTRL-I to go to the Intel Matrix Storage Manager.

  • Choose create RAID-volume.
  • Choose a name, for example: diskset. Don’t use numbers, some installation scripts in Ubuntu check for numbers in the disknames to determine if its a disk or a partition. I made the mistake to choose diskset1 as name. I wasn’t able to rename the RAID volume, so I had to start all over!
  • Choose RAID10, 64k stripe-size.

Your RAID set is now created.

Step 2: install Microsoft Windows

This step is pretty straight-forward. Vista recoqnizes the RAID set and displays it as 1 single disk. During the install, create a partition for Windows and leave enough diskspace for Linux.

Step 3: Ubuntu Intrepid 64bit

This is the hard part. It looks like there is a bug in the Ubuntu version of libparted. Due to this bug, the RAID10 disk is not visible during the installation. I followed the following steps to succesfully install Linux:

  • Boot using the normal live/installation disk.
  • Open a terminal:

sudo su –
apt-get update
apt-get install dmraid

  • Now check for your RAID disk. It should be visible in /dev/mapper. You will also see 2 RAID0 disks. These are just 2 parts of the RAID10 disk.

ls -l /dev/mapper/

root@ubuntu:~# ls -l /dev/mapper/
crw-rw—- 1 root root 10, 60 2008-12-21 15:54 control
brw-rw—- 1 root disk 254, 2 2008-12-21 15:54 isw_bfgggbebhf_diskset
brw-rw—- 1 root disk 254, 1 2008-12-21 15:54 isw_bfgggbebhf_diskset-0
brw-rw—- 1 root disk 254, 3 2008-12-21 15:54 isw_bfgggbebhf_diskset1
brw-rw—- 1 root disk 254, 0 2008-12-21 15:54 isw_bfgggbebhf_diskset-1

  • diskset is the RAID10 device.
  • diskset-0 and diskset-1 are the RAID0 disks.
  • diskset1 is the Windows partition on the RAID10 disk.

The installation script uses the command parted_devices to get all available devices, but parted_devices doesn’t show the RAID10 disk. We have to patch libparted to solve this problem. It seems that an Ubuntu-specific patch is causing the trouble.

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parted_devices #(to see the devices before the patch)
cd /root
mkdir src
cd src
apt-get build-dep parted
apt-get source parted
cd parted-1.8.8.git.2008.03.24

Edit debian/patches/00list and place a # before patch-dmraid. This will disable the faulty patch.

apt-get install fakeroot
dpkg-buildpackage -rfakeroot
cd ..
dpkg -i libpart*.deb

If everything went well, you will see the RAID10 device now.

Now you can install Ubuntu with the normal installer.

After the installation, you have to manually install grub.

sudo su –
mkdir /target/
mount /dev/mapper/isw_bfgggbebhf_diskset5 /target
mount –bind /dev/ /target/dev
mount -t proc proc /target/proc
mount -t sysfs sys /target/sys
chroot /target

At the grub prompt, do the following:

device (hd0) /dev/mapper/isw_bfgggbebhf_diskset
find /boot/grub/stage1

This wil return the device which contains the grub files.

root (hd0,x)
setup (hd0)

Grub is now installed, but isn’t properly configured yet.

  • Edit /boot/grub/menu.lst.
  • Add Windows Vista:
title           Windows Vista
root (hd0,0)
chainloader +1
  • Edit # groot: # groot=(hd,4)
  • Edit kopt: # kopt=root=/dev/mapper/isw_bfgggbebhf_diskset5 ro


DONE! Now everything should work. Reboot and try your new setup.



1 Response » to “Howto: Dual Boot Ubuntu and Windows on RAID 10”

  1. Jerry says:

    Thanks a million for this post. Worked like a charm for my RAID 0 setup for dual boot Vista/Ubuntu 9.10.

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